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Top 10 Languages By Number Of Native Speakers



By Balogun Kamilu Lekan

There are dozens of languages spoken worldwide, and language is an essential component of human interaction and civilization. Few of them stand out among those with the greatest number of native speakers. 

Millions of people worldwide speak these languages, which are frequently used as official languages throughout the world. 

In addition to being crucial for international communication, these languages also influence the political, social, and cultural landscapes of the areas in which they are spoken. Knowing and learning these languages can create new worldwide opportunities for trade, communication, and cultural exchange.

Below is a list of the top 10 languages with the most native speakers in the world

10. Lahnda — 101 Million Native Speakers

Lahnda ranks ninth among the languages with the greatest number of native speakers, according to various estimations, with about 100 million speakers.

It is a macro language of Pakistan that mostly consists of Western Punjabi.

9. Japanese — 125 Million Native Speakers

Japanese is the mother tongue of around 125 million people globally, almost all of whom reside in Japan, making it the language on this list with the highest geographic concentration. 

Japanese heavily uses Chinese Kanji symbols and has two unique writing systems, hiragana and katakana.

8. Russian — 154 Million Native Speakers

With 2.4% of the global population, Russian is the eighth most spoken language globally.

Around 156.6 million people speak Russian as their first language worldwide. Along with native speakers, around 60 million people also speak Russian as a second language, making it a world language. 

7. Portuguese — 232 Million Native Speakers

Portuguese is one of the few languages spoken in various locations worldwide, with more than 200 million native speakers.

Portuguese traders and conquistadors introduced their language to Africa, Asia, and the Americas in the 15th century. 

Nowadays, 232 million native speakers of Portuguese live in nations such as Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bisseau, and So Tomé and Principe.

6. Bengali — 234 Million Native Speakers

Bengali is the sixth most spoken native language and the seventh most spoken language globally, with 234 million native speakers and another 37 million speaking it as a second language. 

5. Hindi – 344 Million Native Speakers

There are 23 official languages in India, with Hindi/Urdu being the most common. It is still debatable whether Hindustani is one language or two dialects. Hindi, primarily spoken in northern India and some regions of Pakistan, utilizes the Devanagari alphabet, whereas Urdu employs Persian notation.

4. Arabic — 362 Million Native Speakers

According to recent estimates, there are 362 million native speakers of Arabic. Yet, this is another instance where statistics do not accurately reflect the situation because Arabic, like Chinese, has so many distinct dialects that, for convenience’s sake, they are both put together as one language. 

The spoken form of Arabic differs from native Arabic speakers around the world.

3. English — 373 Million Native Speakers

English is one of the most spoken languages in the world, with about a billion speakers. But it has about 370 million native speakers.

The language is regarded as the lingua franca for many countries that uses it for business, travels and international relations.

English language remains one of the most successful languages in the world.

2. Spanish — 475 Million Native Speakers

Spanish is primarily the language of most South and Central American countries, Spain, and several people in the US.

The number of Spanish native speakers is estimated at 475 Million making it the second language with the most native speakers.

1. Chinese — 1.3 Billion Native Speakers

The number of native Chinese speakers is about 1.3 billion, roughly 900 million of whom speak Mandarin. It is estimated that one in every six people in the world is a native Chinese speaker.

Ironically, it is one of the most difficult languages to learn.


The information in this article was curated from online sources. NewsWireNGR or its editorial team cannot independently verify all details.

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